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International Journal of Computational EngineeringResearch

(IJCER)

Volume 4, Issue 4,April, 2014

      
 
Version I
S.No. Article Title Page No. Paper Index PDF
1.

Artificial Neural Network: A Soft Computing Application In Biological Sequence Analysis

Rabi Narayan Behera

Abstract

The huge amount of available biological expression level data sets all over the world requires automated techniques that help scientists to analyze, understand, and cluster protein structure prediction, multiple alignment of sequences, phylogenic inferences etc. Major hurdles at this point include computational complexity and reliability of the searching algorithms. artificial neural networks a Soft Computing Paradigm widely used in analyzing gene expression level data produced by microarray technology on the genomic scale, sequencing genes on the genomic scale, sequencing proteins and amino acids, etc because of its features such as strong capacity of nonlinear mapping, high accuracy for learning, and good robustness. ANN be trained from examples without the need for a thorough understanding of the task in hand, and able to show surprising generalization performance and predicting power In this paper we review some of the artificial neural networks and related pattern recognition techniques that have been used in this area.

Keywords:Artificial Neural Networks, Architectures, Learning Algorithms, Topologies, Biological Sequence.
01-13  
03.3005/04401001013
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2.

Automated Toll Collection Using Satellite Navigation

Ms.Kirti A.Lonkar || Ms. Pratibha P. Kulkarni || Ms Monalisha Dash || Mr.Abhishek Dhawan || Mr.Hemant R.Kumbhar || Mr.Monika P.Gagtap

Abstract

Recently, most developments are done in the field of the Expressways Network Toll Collection. Most electronic toll collection are implemented by DSRC (dedicated short-range communication ) technology .In recent years in ETC development GPS global positioning system technique took place DSRC (dedicated short-range communication ) technique. However a new generation of electronic toll collection is rapidly developed to replace dedicated short-range communication based electronic toll collection system. Global positioning system technology has become the new trend for road charging system, which implements electronic toll collection system based on positioning and Global System for MCT(Mobile communication technologies). In this paper the flow of the system are described the design of GPS (Global positioning system) based ETC (Electronic toll collection) system are discussed.

Keywords:Global positioning system, Dedicated short range communication, Electronic toll collection, Mobile communication
14-16  
03.3005/04401014016
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3.

The Effect of Aluminum Waste on the Material Properties of Concrete

Elivs .M. Mbadike || N.N Osadebe

Abstract

The research investigated the density, Poisson ratio, young’s modulus of Elasticity and modulus of Rigidity of aluminum waste concrete. Aluminum waste which was obtained from Aluminum Extrusion Industry (ALEX) Inyishi in Ikeduru local Government Area of State, Nigeria, was investigated. Concrete cubes with different ingredient components were cast and cured in water at room temperature for 28 days. Some selected mixes were used for the Poisson ratio test and control test respectively. A total of 66 concrete cubes were cast for the determination of density, Poisson ratio, young’s modulus of elasticity and modulus of rigidity. The results of the density, poisson ratio, young’s modulus of Elasticity and modulus of Rigidity ranges from 2.35-2.55kg/m3, 0.38-153, 2.89 x 10-5 – 3.41 x 10-5, and o.56 x 10-5 -1.24x 10-5 respectively. The result of the control test of the density, Poisson ratio, young’s modulus of Elasticity and modulus of Rigidity ranges from 2.41-2.56kg/m3 0.53-2.01, 3.04 x 10-5 – 3.41 x 10-5 and 0.56 x 10-5 -1.38 x 10-5 respectively. Aluminum waste produces no significant effect on the density, Poisson ratio, young’s modulus of Elasticity and modulus of Rigidity of the concrete.

Keywords:Density, Poisson ratio, modulus of elasticity modulus of rigidity, aluminum waste.
17-22  
03.3005/04401017022
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4.

Five Component Concrete Mix Optimization of Aluminum Waste Using Scheffe’s Theory

Elivs .M. Mbadike || N.N Osadere

Abstract

The research investigated some mechanical properties of Aluminum Waste concrete to Harness its structural properties in the construction industry. Aluminum Waste which was obtained from Aluminum Extrusion Industry (ALEX) Inyishi in Ikeduru Local Government Area of Imo Sate, Nigeria was investigated. The work extended Scheffe’s optimization techniques from fourth to fifth dimensions and obtained mathematical models for the optimization of the compressive and flexural strength of a five component concrete mix. A software for the Optimization of the mechanical properties of Aluminum Waste Concrete was developed. Seheffe’s experimental design techniques was followed to produce concrete with different ingredient components which were used to cast cube and beam samples. The cubes and beams have dimensions of 150mmx150mmx150mm and 100mmx100mmx500mm respectively. The samples were tested for 28 days hydration period. The developed software gave an optimum mix ratio of 1:1.1:1.75:1.15:0.7 (Cement, Fine Aggregate, Coarse Aggregate, Aluminum Waste, Water) which generated a compressive strength of 29.81N/mm2, an increase of 14.35% in compressive strength over a standard mix. The result represented a saving of 16% by volume of concrete and a reduction of four thousand naira per cubic meter of concrete when compared with the standard mix. The software for the optimum mix ratio for flexural strength gave a value of 11.72N/mm2. There was as increase in flexural strength of 9.46% of the standard mix. The research concludes that aluminum waste concrete is economical and produces high compressive and flexural strength and can be used in structural members such as beams and columns where high compressive strength concrete is needed.

Keywords:compressive strength, flexural strength, scheffe’s model, aluminum waste.
23-31  
03.3005/04401023031
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5.

Simulation of Photon and Electron dose distributions by MCNP5 code for the treatment area using the linear electron accelerator (LINAC) in Dongnai General Hospital, Vietnam

Nguyen Van Hai || Nguyen Van Hung || Dinh Thanh Binh || Duong Thanh Tai

Abstract

Nowaday, radiotherapy by linear electron accelerators (LINAC) has became popular and given high effects for cancer treatment in hospitals of Vietnam. The paper presents simulation for distribution of radiation dose fields by MCNP5 code for electron and photon radiations inside and outside the treatment room in Dong nai General Hospital. From that, comparision between the results of calculation and those of experimental measurements at Dongnai General Hospital. The calculation results described the distributions of radiation dose fields at some positions of inside and outside the treatment room. This is one of the important basises for calculating radiation safety in radiotherapy as well as construction and setup of rooms.

Keywords:Radiotherapy, Linear electron accelerator (LINAC), Radiation safety, Dose field, MCNP5 code
32-38  
03.3005/04401032038
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6.

Experimental investigation of crack in aluminum cantilever beam using vibration monitoring technique

Akhilesh kumar || J. N. Mahato

Abstract

It has been observed that the dynamic behaviour of a structure changes due to the presence of a crack. Analysis of such phenomena is useful for fault diagnosis and the detection of cracks in structures. An experimental setup is designed in which an aluminium cantilever beam with cracks is excited by a power exciter and accelerometer attached to the beam provides the response. The cracks are assumed to be open to avoid non-linearity. The effects of crack and positions on the fundamental frequencies of slender cantilever beams with edge cracks are investigated experimentally. The experiments are conducted using specimens having edge cracks of different depths at different positions to validate the numerical results obtained. The experimental results of frequencies can be obtained from digital storage oscilloscope (DSO). The first three natural frequencies were considered as basic criterion for crack detection. To locate the crack, 3D graphs of the normalized frequency in terms of the crack depth and location are plotted. The intersection of these three contours gives crack location and crack depth. Out of several case studies conducted the results of one of the case study is presented to demonstrate the applicability and efficiency of the method suggested.

Keywords:Cantilever Beam, Oscilloscope, Vibration Shaker, Vibration Exciter, Accelerometer etc.
39-50  
03.3005/04401039050
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7.

Inter-image Anatomical Correspondence and Automatic Segmentation of bones by Volumetric Statistical Modelling of knee MRI

Meenaz H. Shaikh,Anuradha Joshi,Shraddha Panbude

Abstract

One of the challenging problem in Osteoarthritis is detecting the cartilage loss due to the disease progression. The sensitivity of detection from 3D MR images can be improved significantly by focusing on regions of 'at risk' cartilage has been shown, defined consistently across subjects and time-points. We define these regions in a frame of reference based on the bones, which requires that the bone surfaces are segmented in each image, and that anatomical correspondence is established between these surfaces. Results have shown that this can be achieved automatically using surface-based Active Appearance Models (AAMs) of the bones. In this paper, by building a volumetric (set of surface) appearance model, we are describing a method of refining the segmentations and correspondences with the help of flowcharts and algorithms. We present results from the experiments carried out from this method on MRI knee images using surface AAM which comes out to be more precise for the volumetric AM for the bones than that of the single surface model.

Keywords:Active Appearance Model (AAM), Active Contour Model, MRI, Search Model, Osteoarthritis, Segmentation.
51-55  
03.3005/04401051055
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8. 

An Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Ggbs & Steel Fibre in High Performance Concrete

M. Adams Joe, A. Maria Rajesh

Abstract

The present paper focuses on investigating characteristics of M40 concrete with Various propotional of replacement of cement with Ground Granulated Blast furnace Slag (GGBS) and adding 1% of steelfibre. High Performance Concrete (HPC) is a concrete meeting special combinations of performance and uniformity requirements that cannot be always achieved routinely by using conventional constituent sand normal mixing. This leads toexamine the admixtures to improve the performance of the concrete. Considering costof construction also drawn the attention of investigators to explore new replacements of ingredients of concrete. Ten mixes were studied with GGBS & Steel Fibre using a water binder ratio of 0.35 and super plasticizer CONPLAST SP-430. The cubes, cylinders and prisms were tested for both Compressive, Split tensile, Flexural and Pull out strengths GGBS can enhance the durability aspects of HPC compared to control mix. Among the mixes the mix with replacement level as 0%,10%,20%,30%,40% & 50% of GGBS and 1% steel fibre is better with respect to strength and durability. Concrete is a mixture of cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and water. It is found that by the 40% replacement of cement with GGBS and steel fibre helped in improving the strength of the concrete substantially compared to Control concrete.

Keywords:High Performance Concrete (HPC), Ground Granulated Blast furnace Slag (GGBS), Steel Fibre
56-59  
03.3005/04401056059
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9.

E-IDOL: E-way of Issuing Document Online

Amitesh Dongre, Ankit Sahay, Ketan Chirde, Onkar Telang, Rasika Ingle

Abstract

Online Document Issuance Systemwill ensure that everyone will have access to various documents orcertificatesone needs from the government on the click of web page button on any computational electronic device.We aim to transform conventional administrative setup to more efficient and transparent organizationremovedelays and huge amount of paper work with reliable fast service electronically. Our Online Document Issuance System support governance of collector office by using more effective and transparent document issuing System, thereby improving the old governance methods and the services. This improved way of issuing document guaranteesthe fast delivery and stability of electronic documents. When using storage and issuance services online which are one of core services, users register their electronic documents and they are issued electronically in standard PDF format on their mail

Keywords:E-Governance, Electronic Document Issuance, Interdepartmental Verification, Unique Identification Number, MD5 Checksum.
60-65  
03.3005/04401060065
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10.

Real Time Identification of Toxic Gases Based on Artificial Neural Networks

Slimane Ouhmad, Ahmed Roukhe , Hassane Roukhe

Abstract

The assessment of air pollution using sensors is yet widespread, especially indoor air quality. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) constitutes a commonly used approach for the identification of air pollutants. In this paper, we propose the development of Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network on-line type for the real time identification. For this reason, we used the data base obtained from the multi-sensor system designed for detection of three toxic gases. Compared with some previous research which used multiple linear regression methods and MLP off-line type , our model is proved to be much more successful in terms of the correct identification in real time even with low concentration (one part per million) with better mean square errors (MSE < 4.10 -04 ) .

Keywords:Toxic gases, Artificial Neural Networks, Multi-Layer Perceptron, On-line learning, Real Time Identification.
66-71  
03.3005/04401066071
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Version II
S.No. Article Title Page No. Paper Index PDF
01.

Effect of First Order Chemical Reaction on Free Convection in a Vertical Double Passage Channel for Conducting Fluid

J. Prathap Kumar, J.C. Umavathi, Deena Sunil Sharanappa 

Abstract

This paper reports investigation on laminar free convection in a vertical double passage channel for electrically conducting fluid in the presence of first order chemical reaction. The channel is divided into two passages by inserting a thin plane conducting baffle. After placing the baffle one of the passage is concentrated. An analytical solution has been developed for the coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations using regular perturbation method. The results show that the thermal and mass Grashof number and Brinkman number enhances the flow where as Hartmann number and first order chemical reaction parameter suppresses the flow at all the baffle positions in both the streams.

Keywords:Baffle, conducting fluid, first order chemical reaction, free convection, perturbation method.
01-15  
03.3005/04402001015
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02.

Extended Kalman Filter based Missile Tracking

Yassir Obeid Mohammed, Dr. Abdelrasoul Jabar Alzubaidi

Abstract

kalman filter has been successfully used as an estimator in recursive linear systems. For nonlinear systems extended kalman filter is more suitable for use.In case the target trajectory is steady, tracking can be achieved by Kalman filte. But target maneuvering makes tracking process more complicated. Extended kalman filter gives real time tracking for such targets, provided we have high speed processor. This work describes and examines the use of this algorithm in missile and target tracking.

Keywords:non-Gaussian, missile, tracking, estimator, extended kalman filter, Algorithm.
 
16-18  
03.3005/04402016018
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03.

Development of the theoretical bases of logical domain modeling of a complex software system

Oleksandr Dorensky, Alexey Smirnov

Abstract

Software of modern information and telecommunications systems, as well as of automated control systems is characterized by complexity. Therefore, in the initial stages of the life cycle of complex software systems there exists an actual problem of the application of effective technologies decomposition and logical domain modeling, as well as of software design. The paper proposes a mathematical formulation of the definition of the basic conceptual units of logical domain model for the creation of complex software systems. The proposed mathematical formalization of the logical structure of the domain model in terms of objects, relationships, attributes and states is the theoretical basis of mathematical formalization of techniques of logical domain modeling using object-oriented technology.

Keywords:software, object-oriented technology, modeling, data domain, logical model, object, link, attribute, condition.
 
19-23  
03.3005/04402019023
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04.

Performance Evaluation of the Masking Based Watershed Segmentation

Inderpal Singh, Dinesh Kumar 

Abstract

This paper has presented a performance evaluation of different image segmentation techniques. The image segmentation; segments a given image into separate regions and objects. It is widely used in various vision applications like face detections, motion detection etc. The overall objective of this paper is to design and implement various techniques of image segmentation. The shortcomings of image segmentation techniques will also be evaluated. This paper ends up with the performance evaluation of the over-segmentation, watershed segmentation using masking and also effect of the noise on the masking based watershed segmentation techniques. It has been shown that the noise has affected the segmentation at a great extent.

Keywords:Image segmentation, Watershed, Clustering, Thresholding.
24-29  
03.3005/04402024029
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05.

Performance Evaluation of Energy Consumption of Ad hoc Routing Protocols

Mohamed Otmani, Abdellah Ezzati

Abstract

In wired networks there are different physical devices routing the traffic centrally, by consequence we can create paths in the network by using multiple management rules, but in Ad-Hoc network nodes must do this work in an autonomous way. For that there are three types of routing protocol proactive, reactive and hybrid. The first one continuously calculates the possible paths to be available at the time of transmission. The second one create the roads only when are needed. And the last one is a combination between the two methods. In this study we will focus on three routing protocols AODV, OLSR and ZRP; and compare their performance in terms of Routing Power, Throughput, Energy Consumed in Transmit mode, Energy Consumed in Receive Mode, End-to-End Delay.

Keywords:AODV; OLSR; ZRP; ADHOC
 
30-37  
03.3005/04402030037
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06.

Online Cloud Based Image Capture Software for Microscope

Chetan Raga, Rajashekara Murthy S

Abstract

As it is a competitive world and very fast world, all the things are online. So we created software called Online Cloud Based Image Capture Software for Microscope. Microscope work can be very straining on both the musculoskeletal visual and systems. Workers are sit in one fixed position with their bodies conformed to the machine for extended time. Worker feel uncomfortable coupled with less advanced optical and digital technologies have made traditional microscopes limiting and ineffective in many applications. This software provides a comprehensive imaging solution. This software is aimed at providing users with the ability to view live stream captured from camera attached to a microscope .This setup is used in biomedical science field, With this application ,users can place slides under a microscope lens and view the contents on their computer screens via cloud .Time, cost and quality plays very important role to satisfy demand of the market, So the aim of this project is to create the Online Cloud Based Image Capture Software for Microscope which helps to reduce the problems of portability and storage space by making use of the concept of cloud computing which will give users various image processing options to view and manipulate images captured with the microscopic cameras.

Keywords:Cloud computing, Microscope, Kernel, Camera SDK, GUI, Deployment, Digital image processing, SaaS.
38-42  
03.3005/04402038042
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07.

Finite Element Analysis of a Tubesheet with considering effective geometry properties through design methodology validated by Experiment

Ravivarma.R , Prof. Azhagiri. Pon

Abstract

The Tubesheet, in any heat exchanger is a very important component as it provides a firm support to tubes and in the process gets exposed to thermal and pressure gradients. Various analyses required to assess integrity of Tubesheet are analysis for operating pressure loads and transient thermal analyses together with mechanical loads. The present investigation is in two parts; first one is linear Static analysis of conventional equivalent Modulus of elasticity & Poisson's ratio method, which is recommended by ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Sec. VIII, Division-1. Second is a new and realistic approach of linear Static analysis by considering the perforations of tube holes in the Tubesheet with pressure acting at inside tubes. The methodology and procedure of Finite Element (FE) method for linear Static analysis in FE method is validated through experiment. Based on the results obtained from two different approaches, the design will be validated and the optimum approach for design will be chosen.

Keywords:ANSYS, Tubesheet, Finite Element Analysis, Linear Static analysis
43-51  
03.3005/04402043051
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 08.

Reusability of test bench of UVM for Bidirectional router and AXI bus

Manjushree.k.chavan, Yogeshwary.B.H

Abstract

The predictive analysis of the design to ensure that, it will perform the given I/O function is performed through functional verification. Verification has become the dominant cost in any of the design process. The modernization of functional verification has become necessary task in verifying a large design. The project focuses on designing the Bidirectional network on chip router through virtual channel regulator and then AXI bus and thus developing the common verification environment for both the designs to show the reusability of test bench. The bidirectional network on chip router is implemented with unified buffer structure called the dynamic virtual channel regulator. The project also aims to develop a shortest path algorithm when a packet of data is to be transmitted as many paths are available thus by designing two routers. The functionality of the design is verified by using the latest Universal verification methodologies (UVM) further with the employment of reusable test benches of UVM for both the designs. The Verification goes on with which it finds functional coverage, state coverage, code coverage and toggle coverage of the Network on Chip Router by using Questa-Sim/cadence NC simulator and the synthesis is done by using Xilinx ISE 14.3i EDA Tools.

Keywords:Universal verification methodologies, virtual channel regulator, Open verification methodology, verification methodology module, AXI interconnect.
 
52-57  
03.3005/04402052057
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09.

Quantification of Leanness in a Textile Industry

Pruthvi.H.M., Sreenivasa.C.G

Abstract

Right from the industrial revolution, industrial sectors are in the continuous process of improving their productivity. Researchers and practitioners working in productivity improvement area are deriving various strategies. One among these strategies is lean manufacturing. Lean manufacturing aims to identify and eliminate wastes in their working environment. The implementation of lean manufacturing has to be initiated with lean assessment. The lean assessment indicates the criteria which are not practiced for lean implementation in the industry. The scope of this paper is to carryout lean assessment in a textile industry by name Anjaneya Cotton Mill (ACM). The questionnaires for lean assessment have been developed by considering thirteen criteria grouped under four lean enablers. The assessment indicated that, ACM is practicing 51.83 % of leanness. However, a gap of 48.17% is prevailing in ACM. In order to fill this gap proposals were drawn. Most of the proposals drawn have been accepted by the management of ACM. The case study presented in this paper shall be utilized by the contemporary practitioners in implementing lean manufacturing

Keywords:Lean manufacturing, Lean assessment, Leanness, Textile industry.
58-62  
03.3005/04402058062
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10.

Estimating the Quality of Concrete Bridge Girder Using Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test

Himanshu Jaggerwal, Yogesh Bajpai

Abstract

This study estimates the quality of concrete bridge girder, an attempt is also made to increase the accuracy of calculating the strength, using the nondestructive test (NDT) Ultrasonic pulse velocity tests. The aim of the present paper is to check the accuracy for assessing concrete bridges girder. This paper reviews various NDT methods available and presents a case study related to the strength evaluation of existing bridge pier. The assessment involves the Ultrasonic pulse velocity tests. Even though there are many methods for Non Destructive Test (NDT) but every method have it own boundaries and which mean the method cannot afford an accurate and consistence result for difference cases and to detect different defect. This paper is an attempt to capture the most current ideas for a very specific application of NDT: determining the condition of reinforced concrete bridges overall and bridge girders, in particular. To this end, attention is given to why NDT is needed and what aspects of concrete condition can be addressed with NDT. Some NDT methodologies that are, or may soon be, promising for concrete applications are discussed. Case studies are presented to demonstrate how NDT can be applied to concrete bridge girders and proposals are made for future areas of study and development. The use of nondestructive testing methods can help reduce the backlog of deficient bridges in two ways. First, these techniques will allow inspectors to get a more accurate view of the condition of a bridge. The second way by which NDT can help is by allowing inspectors to locate damage earlier. The data obtained from each test has been evaluated and the accurate and precise device was determined. From this research, the most accurate NDT method is Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity.

Keywords:Non Destructive Testing; Bridge Pier; Case Study.
 
63-69  
03.3005/04402063069
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11.

Assessment of Characteristic Compressive Strength in Concrete Bridge Girders Using Rebound Hammer Test

Himanshu Jaggerwal, Yogesh Bajpai

Abstract

The aim of the present paper is to check the compressive strength for assessing concrete bridges girder. This paper reviews various NDT methods available and presents a case study related to the evaluation of existing bridge pier. The assessment involves the Rebound hammer tests. Even though there are many methods for Non Destructive Test (NDT) but every method have it own boundaries and which mean the method cannot afford an accurate and consistence result for difference cases and to detect different defect. This paper is an attempt to capture the most current ideas for a very specific application of NDT: determining the condition of reinforced concrete bridges overall and bridge girders, in particular. To this end, attention is given to why NDT is needed and what aspects of concrete condition can be addressed with NDT. Some NDT methodologies that are, or may soon be, promising for concrete applications are discussed. Case studies are presented to demonstrate how NDT can be applied to concrete bridge girders and proposals are made for future areas of study and development. The use of non-destructive testing methods can help reduce the backlog of deficient bridges in two ways. First, these techniques will allow inspectors to get a more accurate view of the condition of a bridge. The second way by which NDT can help is by allowing inspectors to locate damage earlier. The data obtained from each test has been evaluated and the accurate and precise device was determined.

Keywords:Non Destructive Testing; Bridge Pier; Case Study.
70-75  
03.3005/04402070075
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12.

Time Series Prediction Based on Event Driven Business Process Management

Eva Zámečníková, Jitka Kreslíková

Abstract

In this paper we would like to focus on time series prediction for building trading systems based on unification of the seemingly antagonistic concepts of Complex Events Processing (CEP) and discrete, legacy business logic. In the realm of the high frequency market-making trading systems, the incoming stream of data from multiple asset sources and venues shall be processed primarily by a real-time CEP engine till the point when the statistical characteristics of the continuous results cross into the "fat-tail" distribution region, when a set of stringent risk-management business rules kick in.

Keywords:Business Rules, Complex Event Processing, Event-Driven Architecture, Financial Markets, High Frequency Data, Prediction, Trading
76-81  
03.3005/04402076081
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